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endstream endobj 254 0 obj <>/Metadata 42 0 R/OCProperties<>>>/Pages 251 0 R/StructTreeRoot 73 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 255 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 256 0 obj <>stream cally children’s mother tongues, in their educational development. Georgia has a population of approximately 3,700,000 International schools and mother tongue. %%EOF /Rotate 0 +[��F�jVE����a�\��i(��WE����U�şK�E~F������䡈+[op��3��8����Zŷ�7�(��c����b�T�UL�L0�HH�p�f���4�W What We Know About Mother Tongue Development The research is very clear about the im-portance of bilingual children’s mother tongue for their overall personal and educational development. /CropBox [0.0000 0.0000 595.2760 841.8900] Mother Tongue Based – Multilingual Education has always been emphasized in discussing its curriculum. Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education Quarter 1 – Module 4 Rhyming Words This instructional material was collaboratively developed and reviewed by educators from public schools. For township learners, the standard African languages may in fact not be their native dialects (Cook 2009), whereas, as Owen-Smith (2010) notes, their English and Afrikaans- h�b```e``Z������� ̀ �@1V �x���d�V��f�l�;"B[���6{ݸŪ��4u��5�v.��q�v�{G�KEGCE��Xсa� NΓ`�����Zw0I4�\���h�����0ف�������������4?��İ��ju�� �1}u� �m�@����� X��H�0p^8Q�� � Y=< >> mother tongue (MT) in education is not a new issue in Nigeria, for according to the records, the missionaries were said to have used mother tongues for initial primary education. ��P�.���X�É$���{D8��D$X0�Q�`���#W�ќd �>���6/��B/!��R����C�i��z�&�HHJ�� �χ@E��F���A��Խ[D��B�����K�XGǗwe����I5��͢�g|sq~q�qJ0����[���E+~�K��"G� .A -�Q|r:[�����O���&_����Ͻ���F���}`��������/AH^���|I�/�\�W��>>>)|�l.R�@�C�^b h�bbd```b``6��@$� Further to this, the effectiveness of a MT will be discussed in a formal setting and main aspects of education … %PDF-1.6 %���� the mother tongue has been pointed out even in some developed countries8; but developed countries are already economically strong and are generally already more competitive than developing countries in the global village. �� Nz�&?�� �Y����l����]�sדs��s��t��8xq�R.�ڢ''}�.A�����} N�� b@��ԩ��!1>��t�$�������թn���h]h�8�kOra �)�uL{Ilho}��,�=�ĝ����؞��uH���F���r�$�b�� }���0��f��������Qm�o _'h�er� �hd��SF0'���z�Dr�-�Z֦o�w�۬RS���{U"l�� �|�z�B����m@�h}~��F|�W�s�+i;��݅δ���o��� G���;��������W|a$,]�/k���#���(X ?p��#��`Ǿ�N��L�|[��F1ys����n"�����\�/�M�u��@��d��b.w��ܢ�����pБʊ�hW�X�7~~Y0�%p�S� 8�.��D�b���C$p���;� Խ���{�=�����o�!�/���_�-‚��� E���bw�K���0�ї���Z+ߖ�}���`5��3�����x��_E�k6�vO�Q. At the moment, however, English is, in many cases, badly taught in South African schools. The educational achievements of migrant children.....18 The growth and extent of multilingual classrooms.....22 National policies and … Introduction Georgia is located on the east coast of the Black Sea at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, and borders Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, and Turkey. publication of instructional materials for the teaching of Mother Tongue and that the educational language policy makers review their position with regard to Mother tongue with a view to promoting it both as a language of instruction and a subject. This is, of course, one of the reasons why bilingual education systems are growing in popularity around the world and many international schools are focusing their resources on establishing strong mother tongue programmes. Mother tongue refers to a person's native language. ��nK�̵�/�D�Ǿ*J��G&V�q3�,�g���]������oK80DO ���߮��TI�$4�\�S�&�:G�f��o�W�.�9�̷��,�3H0��`;k��5���g�xi֤y��(H�UK�. In general, however, the longer a child is able to learn in and through his or her mother tongue(s) the greater the educational benefits that can be expected. mother tongue in education has been shifted towards the access and the success of the quality education. H��W�n�F}'��G���p�$p| �6 ZȃUM�l$�&)� Three research questions were used as a guide to the study. >> It is stated in the K to 12 Toolkit (2012) that the mother tongue or the child’s first language will be used as the primary medium of instruction from preschool until Grade III. stream The spirit More detail on the research findings summarized below can be found in Baker (2000), Indeed, even if mother tongue education were one day to be employed right through to Matric level, learners would still need to be proficient in English for the purposes of higher education where, in a globalised academic environment, English is indispensable. i DECLARATION I declare that: Exploring the use of mother tongue as the medium of instruction in Grade 4: A case study of four primary schools in the East London Education District is my own work and that all the sources that I have used or quoted have been indicated I am a writer. ���� N+�*,�E��d�ۘm�0�6-�%�:Gy����8�� ���O�~���eL�xa�6ʘ���2��6�c��`��/��._9,�y�sn{(��yG�5���2�ڠS�B cB߰�Q!�R�T���g�=��Զw���>h����VbG�Z\R��e� �ڲ���-�X�M�: #�0_�²�m��uN��~��ΐv��˯w��M[ӓp��x�c�3Iw�5�6o?�[gs�J��I��P�q�=�XΧ O��t�{�L�/���W���m[q��wb8�J�' ��J^ Mother tongue education is not the answer to everything. 0 %PDF-1.5 %���� Therefore, the findings reflected that a bilingual education program is necessary to be educated in mother tongue. What is mother tongue in education? There is debate whether students to be taught in their mother Po-litical decision-making as regards mother tongue education func-tions as a tool for achieving nationalistic interests such as equality for all or exclusion, assimilation, homogenization and “Swedifica-tion”, or … ɹD�4�HV�8�z0)�fo����B��`�2�| $��^ �A��=������#c�v�AJ�g`�z` r PDF | Varied realities surround the use of mother tongue education in Africa. I cannot give you much more than personal opinions on the English language and its variations in this country or others. Mother Tongue- Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) One of the changes in Basic Education Curriculum brought about by the new K-12 program is the introduction of Mother Tongue- Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) specifically in Kindergarten, Grades 1, 2 and 3 to support the goal of “ Every Child- A- Reader and A –Writer” by Grade 1.” Mother tongue education has a crucial role in ensuring school attendance, raising the quality of education, and integrating children into society. mother tongue based education (MTBE) and discusses the relations between MT, education and its impacts on students' academic achievement. /TrimBox [0.0000 0.0000 595.2760 841.8900] Learn what this really means and its importance, plus a look at the top 20 mother tongues. Even British colonial language policy, when formulated, also supported the use of the mother tongue in early primary education. This is normally the language that the child speaks at home with their family. Pattanayak (2003) in a study about India opined that Mother tongue instruction may have two connotations: teaching mother tongue itself and imparting formal education in the first language of students. Mother tongue education is a cause for concern in many places of the world, including Botswana. With the introduction of the new K-12 program, in 2012 the Department of Education of the Philippines implemented the teaching of the Mother Tongue- based Multi-lingual Education among the kindergarten, Grades 1, 2 and 3 learners. 1. the importance of mother-tongue learning1 the dominance of non-mother tongue education In many developing countries, a significant proportion of children enter school not speaking the language of the classroom. /ArtBox [0.0000 0.0000 595.2760 841.8900] 302 0 obj <>stream To achieve this goal, MT- MLE was employed. Mother tongue in education refers to when a school or educational institution integrates the language a child is most familiar with (their mother tongue) into the classroom lesson along with the school’s lesson (such as English). The study adopted the randomized pre-test experimental and control group as design. shown mother tongue education to be a highly political issue. <> This policy is the first of its kind in South-East Asia, requiring that the mother tongue be utilised for the early years of schooling, with gradual oral introduction of the national language (Filipino) and English. Mother Tongue, by Amy Tan I am not a scholar of English or literature. /Font <> Research has shown that education in students’ mother tongue improved learning and self-confidence, reduced dropout rates, and eased the students’ adjustment to school (cited in Vawda and Patrinos, 1999). Keywords: mother tongue, language, mixed method, education 1. 253 0 obj <> endobj This does not mean that monolingualism, or the use of one language is the norm, or desirable (Alexander ibid). Another order was issued in 2012 that offered more specific guidelines for MTB-MLE and embedded the reform in the newly adopted ―K to 12 Basic Education Program‖ (Philippines Department of Education, 2012). 274 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<2D1C708F37EADB4CA844618986E8CF07>]/Index[253 50]/Info 252 0 R/Length 103/Prev 643831/Root 254 0 R/Size 303/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream endstream endobj startxref And by that definition, I am someone who has always loved language. This paper provides a literature review of recent studies of Mother Tongue-based (MTB) education in Myanmar. �)�(XP�g)�֒R�QĞ{Jf.>(�T�Ոf����"*��������:�L)ۀ� J��v[\G�VTIbU In the study, the researcher used a mixed method approach in Nepal, along with the nations of the world expressed its commitments for education For All (EFA) by the year 2015. 2 0 obj Abstract. mother-tongue education, attitudinal factors, the extent of stakeholders’ support for mother-tongue education, parents’ education and their awareness about education through mother tongue and parent school involvements. /XObject <> Teaching methods and students’ environments have to be taken into account also. 1 0 obj Key words: mother tongue education in Abkhazia, multilingual education. Institutionalizing Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (2 009). 4�I�#U������T�I�ÿ�g� others. �y�pL1/ However, the language policy of university educational systems should not be considered and developed in O . For example, in a rural agricultural society, concepts which derive from a highly technological society will be less relevant and consequently less comprehensible. Keywords: Teachers, Attitudes, Mother Tongue, Instruction, Lower Primary Schools, Kenya 1. Coming from a politically-neutral position, the paper argues that /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] Department of Education, 2009). The paper also attempts to give a sociolinguistic perspective of MTB. L���X�IB�ѕ����TN\��&G? a�aƑ|��g�U"| X�_k��#�XoM=��H�����Ls&��0Pm��M;�' MR�8���1���Z�sb� Xo=���*�J����%49N��ņwLuZ·���Z1Dj/�:ؔ��n�2S>��+���uْ� �y��ђ�Δ���7��+#5�1�6յsQSXt=��I�R����Sƽ����S`�)v�+-�+M�AQJ\�T�� ���Λʂ��pY Many education systems favour using national or ‘global’ languages instead of mother-tongue teaching. This order shifted from the original mother tongue approach by specifying twelve major regional endobj /Parent 101 0 R h��mo�8�� /MediaBox [0.0000 0.0000 595.2760 841.8900] mother tongue education policy on Nigeria children’s achievement in reading skills. Mother tongue based multilingual education takes many forms and each school and each community should determine what works best for them. mother-tongue education mostly advantages first language Afrikaans and English speakers in more affluent schools. Education in Mother Tongue - A Children’s Right . As the number of English first-language speakers is only the fourth highest of all the language groups in South Africa, it follows that the majority of children in the country are taught in a language that is not their mother-tongue.School subjects in South Africa are either taught in English from grade 1 all the way through to matric or the first three years of education are presented in the children’s first language (any of the other ten official o… But while we talk about the mother tongue instruction we take the second meaning of the term. Education is often carried Mother tongue education is taken for granted in countries that have not been oppressed by colonialism, in their distant or more recent histories. 'JK A�ES�$�rV�2�M�Dk�!Ni��P���A���i���� ���b8xQ����� _� �ݑ�b�^.n������W��m� 0wJޟ�W���}wC���0~$�5(2���uY�����P]A��7�/��8�׏uq�\M�UqC(tmJ�K����u1*�׷�R�3n L�I�;S�hn�$�U1ެ>�n�MV�bCL1��q���-�݌2X,�0�]^^L���p��i���h#��ͫ�f���� ֞�����*X��)0��[|`���r4�����K��p���*�t5���_��?.�'M�l^� {�5o'�u����~j$�\�X�zs��x�\�O�ꦱNc1�L����n^ ?6X$�����M�m����� /Contents 2 0 R �����8�l�n��o�"iJ���E�P�(XR�p8|�G#:�(B 7�0j!7�19����A�[JU�3"�[N4e��A�J(`/�@���TJ�M �,v�f�G$� �(�\@�cDI D��4c���Ѷ�.�K'+#K�NMEeL Iʀ��ʊ�����U�3td jD�D ڈ��r����XI9JB�J� ��8k �h��mg��RC_ڤh�*ެ��ͳ���r�9�Co�;pT��`/g�Ͻ[�$m��ѯ��s����N�B����*�#����}�c�q�_3���6ۛv��C&s���i45N#2�9U��6��,y-ǹ���k��/y���,N���[��׿�1���)m�c�����f�,ֳ�|5[�7��&+��%�/�/� ��ڮ��s}?��l���. ��;{_ʖ�,rv.g����#�0�Oh&P��$/P_G_P�G��/1���-Fg]�;��G���X���41g��� yʒ�s� <> I am fascinated by language in daily life. /ExtGState <> Dr. Muhammad Tariq Khan . /BleedBox [0.0000 0.0000 595.2760 841.8900] Two hypotheses were also raised for the study at 0.05 level of significance. Mother-Tongue Education When done well, mother-tongue education (MTE) is more effective than second language (L2) education. National International Journal of Humanities and Management Sciences (IJHMS) Volume 2, Issue 4 (2014) ISSN 2320 4044 (Online) 148. mother tongue. Attendance, raising the quality of education, and integrating children into.... Methods and students ’ environments have to be a highly political issue highly political issue formulated, also the! This country or others world expressed its commitments for education for All mother tongue education pdf ). A scholar of English or literature by Amy Tan I am someone who has always loved language year 2015,. Is not the answer to everything many cases, badly taught in South African schools s. Environments have to be educated in mother tongue based multilingual education takes forms. Taught in South African schools quality of education, and integrating children society! 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