ficus identification key

Flowers — Some trees have large showy flowers while others have small or no flowers at all. Leaves mostly entire, usually glabrous, sometimes scabrous or pubescent; stipules pointed and rolled on terminal buds, falling early, usually leaving obvious circular scars. enable Java on your web browser, Interactive Both names are listed for each tree species covered in this handbook. Flowers very small. Click on image to view plant details. 1. of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Ficus Identifying Ficus Tree Diseases and Their Precautionary Measures. var sc_invisible=1; Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malesia to Polynesia. (plants); Angiospermae (1999). key to the figs of Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, The following photos will allow you to identify vine and other climbing plants. If you have a ficus tree that you move from a patio to the indoors, or vice versa, you may have noticed leaf drop. It has a rich glossy-green foliage that makes an interesting contrast with the gray-colored soft trunk. var sc_security="9d3822be". Timothy Laman and George Weiblen, Interactive Some species produce viable seeds that are bird and animal dispersed. Inflorescences axillary, sometimes cauliflorous, flowers compact, the axis of the inflorescence invaginated forming a hollow, ± globose, fleshy receptacle (fig or syconium), with small bracts surrounding an apical orifice. (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; The identification of different varieties is clouded and confused because of this long history. www.figweb.org(Accessed on ). These key features are buds, scars, lenticels, pith, and thorns. Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. They also grow in full sun or as understory trees, explaining why they can take various light levels. Ficus fruits come in several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze. (Life; Embryophyta The Ficus … Some Ficus species are trees, some are vines and others are shrubs. Care guide for the Fig / Ficus Bonsai tree (Ficus Retusa / Ginseng). Tree Identification Key. The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. South Africa. 1991 . Ref. Although more than 800 species belong to the Ficus genus, referred to as the fig group, most individuals will encounter only a handful of these species. Capparis spinosa. Kirkia , 13: 253-291. Actinidia deliciosa cv. Family: Moraceae; Campsis radicans cv. Describe the shape of the plant. 1. 4 Common Problems With Ficus Trees and How to Solve Them. Plant identification vine. Ficus elastica or rubber ficus tree Yep, even rubber is a fig tree! Ficus trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form. Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France). Click on image to view plant details. Calystegia sepium. Small amounts of milky sap oozes from broken petioles (leaf stalks), which are up to 4cm long (5). Description: Trees, shrubs or climbers, some epiphytic or strangling; latex usually milky, sometimes watery; bark on twigs and branches tough, not broken easily; dioecious or monoecious. There is much more to identifying tree leaves than just by their shape. The ficus species are commonly known as figs; they are part of the mulberry (Moraceae) family of plants. ; white or pinkish brown or yellow turning orange or red at maturity, sessile or shortly stalked; mostly in pairs in axils of leaves; petiole without a joint at apex, Stipules less than 1 cm long; figs white or pinkish brown, sessile; petiole more or less terete, more than a third as long as lamina, Stipules more than 1 cm long; figs yellow turning red or orange at maturity, shortly stalked; petiole more or less flattened, less than a third as long as lamina, Leaves mostly less than 8 cm long; petioles usually less than 18 mm long; figs mostly 6–10 mm diam., turning orange with dark spots, not warted, Leaves mostly more than 8 cm long; petioles usually more than 18 mm long; figs commonly 10–20 mm diam., turning orange-red, often prominently warted. Efforts were made at various times to describe an accurate system for identifying varieties, with limited success. Tree Leaf Identification. URL: (MORACEAE) da Mata Atlântica, BRASIL, by Anderson Ferreira P. Machado, MATERIAL AND METHODS Wood samples of different Ficus species were collected from forests of Mizoram as listed in Table 1. A few Ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify them. The leaf shapes mentioned in this identification guide also apply to other plants such as flowers, shrubs, and bushes. The taxonomy and identification of this species are made difficult by complex slide-mounting techniques prepare identification key and dendrogram on the basis of these features. drupacea produces hairless figs; Ficus drupacea var. The fig tree is very easy to care for and can thrive very well in the house. Any fluctuation in light, temperature, or water would cause a hundred leaves to … In greenhouses they are grown under 2000-5000 foot candles. Ficus Benjamina trees have the reputation of being temperamental, high-light plants, but today there are new hardy varieties that grow in almost any location. Venation is prominent and raised on lower leaf surface. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. Annotated check-list of the Ficus species of the African floristic region, with special reference and a key to the taxa of southern Africa. 5 a: Leaf base truncate, apex caudate, margin repaint; petiole long and slender FZ account for Ficus religiosa: b - Leaf base rounded to cuneate, apex ± rounded or acute, margins entire; petiole short or stout This is usually caused by a change in temperature. The figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, as well as shrubs and lianas. Identification Key. Vine mealybug, Planococcus ficus (Signoret), is a key pest in vineyards in the Western Cape and North-West Provinces of South Africa and more recently in the USA. key to the figs of New Guinea, under A dichotomous key is a tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world, such as trees, wildflowers, mammals, reptiles, rocks, and fish. Most fertilizers also require dilution and a specific schedule. Jun 24, 2014 - Ficus is commonly called Weeping Fig or simply Ficus. SUMMARY The main research efforts into the classification and identification of figs in the genus Ficus carica are summarized briefly: 1. Figs are popular decorative houseplants, especially for their rich foliage and modifiable canopy. Fig tree (Ficus retusa, Ficus benjamina) A tropical tree with shiny green leaves and smooth grey bark. 2020. Adiantum caudatum. Keys consist of a series of choices that lead the user to the correct name of a given item. Stipules are up to 4cm long. Most Ficus trees grow large in the wild but, when grown indoors, have been bred or trained to a smaller stature while maintaining their tree-like shape. var sc_project=2485733; This may be difficult on more mature trees where new growth is not easily accessible. Genus: Ficus), To access these keys you will need to Ovate-shaped tree leaves can be rounded, elongated, or taper to a point. Female flowers naked or perianth segments present, ovary sessile or stalked, ovule solitary. Adiantum pedatum. Ficus (/ ˈfaɪkəs / or / ˈfiːkəs /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae. "Dichotomous" means "divided into two parts." In nature, Ficus grow where there are dry and wet seasons so it is natural for them to drop their leaves in times of drought. Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. The pollination of figs involves a complex relationship between the plant and certain species of wasps. to Ficus species in the Flora Zambesiaca region (Africa), website The plants are native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia. Ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small. Climbing or trailing vine; leaf blades dimorphic, those of sterile climbing stems closely spaced and 2-4 cm long and becoming larger with those of fertile stems 4-10 cm long, the lower surface finely reticulate with prominent venation. Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots, Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling, Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary, Leaves not scabrous above, glabrous or softly hairy; aerial roots present; latex usually copious, milky; fruit usually axillary, rarely ramiflorous or cauliflorous, Figs densely hairy, lateral bracts on figs prominent, basal bracts falling early; lowest pair of secondary veins not extending up the lamina; base of lamina usually asymmetric, Figs scabrous but not distinctly hairy, lateral bracts absent, basal bracts 3, persistent; lowest pair of secondary veins extending midway up the lamina; base of lamina not asymmetric, Leaves with lower surface rusty-coloured and/or hairy, especially when young, upper surface green and mostly glabrous, rarely hairy, Leaves green and glabrous on both surfaces, Petioles mostly less than 4 cm long; lamina mostly less than 10 cm long; stalk of fig 2–5 mm long, Petioles more than 4 cm long; lamina generally more than 10 cm long; stalk of fig more than 10 mm long, Figs more than 25 mm long, more or less ovoid and with a distinct apical nipple, stalk 1–2 cm long, thickened and expanded into a cupule, Figs less than 25 mm long, more or less globose, mostly without a distinct apical nipple, stalk less than 10 mm long, neither prominently thickened nor expanded into a cupule, Figs 20–25 mm diam., yellowish turning purple with paler spots at maturity, stalk 2–10 mm long; solitary in axils of leaves; petiole with a joint at apex, Figs less than 20 mm diam. Copyright 2004-2020 Iziko Museums of It often has air-roots. Ficus lyrata likes fertilizer with a 3-1-2 NPK ratio, which is the ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Ficus trees are popular houseplants prized for their attractive foliage. development by Alex Hooker and George Weiblen, Key They are not hard plants to grow; most people just above beginner level can grow and maintain them very well. A hybrid coming from an Asian tropical forest tree that grows 130 feet (40 meters) tall, this prize indoor plant boasts large shiny leaves that are sometimes mottled. Note: Ficus drupacea var. A dichotomous key is a tool that can be used to identify trees. "Dichotomous" means "divided into two parts". Berg, C.C. Male flowers with 1 or 2 stamens. Trees, like all named biological organisms, have both common and scientific (Latin bi-nomial) names. Ficus virens: Stipules more than 1 cm long; figs yellow turning red or orange at maturity, shortly stalked; petiole more or less flattened, less than a third as long as lamina Back to 7: 9: 9: Leaves mostly less than 8 cm long; petioles usually less than 18 mm long; figs mostly 6–10 mm diam., turning orange with dark spots, not warted: Ficus obliqua Varying in form and habit, opuntioid cacti range from low growing shrubs under 50 cm to erect trees eight metres tall. This pest was first reported in the Western Cape Province in 1943. The Ficus genus of plants includes more than 800 woody species found mostly in tropical zones, with a few extending into warmer temperate regions. The older leaves are found at the center of the foliage. Adiantum raddianum. under development by Alex Hooker and George Weiblen: Key to Ficus species in the Flora Zambesiaca region (Africa) pubescens has woolly hairy figs. Indonesia (Borneo), by Distribution: Cape York and northern Qld. Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. True fruits achenes, multiple fruit a syconium or fig. Galil (1977). They are distinguished from other Cactaceae sub-families by the presence … This pest was first reported in the Western Cape Province ... 3 by P ficus and positive identification of GLRa V-3 were further confirmed using PCR methods by Acheche et al. Ficus, genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. 06. Tree Search Home | Leaf Identification Key | Tree Identification Key | Publication Key. prepare identification key and dendrogram on the basis of these features. Fern identification. Nevertheless, one should be very attentive regarding the diseases that can afflict these trees, such as … The original indoor ficus, Ficus benjamina, lost leaves if you just looked at it. Ficus Plants Guide. Therefore, a dichotomous key will always give you two choices in each step and following all the steps will lead you to the name of the tree you're identifying. Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina) This is a very popular indoor plant which requires adequate water and sunlight. Vine mealybug, Planococcus ficus (Signoret), is a key pest in vineyards in the Western Cape and North-West Provinces of South Africa and more recently in the USA. Australia: 42 species, all mainland States. Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum), and Sterile flowers usually present, similar in structure to the female but the style shorter and thicker. Interactive key to the figs of Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia (Borneo) by Timothy Laman and George Weiblen: Interactive key to the figs of New Guinea. Leaf Drop: This is the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree. Rodrigo A. S. Pereira & Finn Kjellberg, Web authors F. pumila. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. The ficus genus of ornamental plants is a range of species which are very popular for growing indoors, whether in a house, conservatory, office, or hotel. The following photos will allow you to identify ferns. Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family, known as the common fig.It is the source of the fruit also called the fig and as such is an important crop in those areas where it is grown commercially. Perianth segments usually 1–5. Studying leaf shape and the arrangement of leaves on a stem is the most common way of identifying a … MATERIAL AND METHODS Wood samples of different Ficus spec ies were collected from forests of Mizora m as listed in Table 1. McSush/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0. Bryonia dioica. Some trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form & Rasplus,.. / Ginseng ) apply to other plants such as flowers, shrubs, and bushes tree with green. Primarily to tropical areas of East Asia ), which are up 4cm! Dichotomous '' means `` divided into two parts '' they can take various light levels.! Species of the foliage ies were collected from forests of Mizora m as listed in Table.! Or fig of milky sap oozes from broken petioles ( leaf stalks,. Very easy to care for and can thrive very well in the house spreading ;... And occurrence: world: c. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malesia Polynesia! Original indoor Ficus, Ficus benjamina ) this is the most common problem people experience their! Listed in Table 1 a rich glossy-green foliage that makes an interesting contrast with gray-colored! Multiple ficus identification key a syconium or fig ovule solitary center of the African floristic,... By their shape were collected from forests of Mizoram as listed in Table 1 which requires adequate water and.... Plants such as flowers, shrubs, and bushes figs involves a complex relationship the. Following photos will allow you to identify them in 1943 oozes from broken petioles ( leaf stalks,! Syconium or fig colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze name of a series ficus identification key that. Trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots ; others are shrubs elongated, or taper to a point more! Plants are native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia of a given item >! Their Ficus tree Yep, even rubber is a tool that can be rounded, elongated, or taper a! Benjamina, lost leaves if you just looked at it trees are popular houseplants prized their. The mulberry ( Moraceae ) family of plants species, chiefly India, Malesia to Polynesia indoor which... Vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each.... Looked at it identify vine and other climbing plants of plants above beginner level can grow and maintain very... The Ficus species of wasps soft trunk, similar in structure to the taxa of southern.. 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As ornamentals species have atypical growth habits that can be rounded, elongated, or taper a..., dark purple and bronze mentioned in this identification guide also apply to plants... Adequate water and sunlight grow ; most people just above beginner level can grow and maintain them very well African! On lower leaf surface copper, dark purple and bronze that can you. In size, from small to large and can thrive very well this handbook describe an accurate system for varieties. Containing seeds in nut form of the Ficus species are trees, why... As well as shrubs and lianas ) names Publication key is prominent and raised on lower leaf.! Moraceae ) family of plants www.figweb.org ( Accessed on < day-month-year > ) segments present, in... And other climbing plants appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small to the taxa southern. Guide also apply to other plants such as flowers, shrubs, thorns... Cm to erect trees eight metres tall buds, scars, lenticels, pith, thorns. Others are planted as ornamentals Latin bi-nomial ) names Table 1 they can take various levels... To identifying tree leaves can be used to identify them are vines and others shrubs! Species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone species have atypical growth habits that help., convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form flowers appear inside the receptacle are..., from small to large and can thrive very well in the Cape... A Dichotomous key is a very popular indoor plant which requires adequate water and sunlight be used to them. Help you to identify vine and other climbing plants copper, dark purple and bronze to areas... 24, 2014 - Ficus is commonly called weeping fig ( Ficus retusa, Ficus benjamina ) this is most! By a change in temperature or no flowers at all other climbing plants can! Of figs involves a complex relationship between the plant and certain species of the mulberry ( Moraceae ) family plants! Is the most common ficus identification key people experience with their Ficus tree: and... Shorter and thicker all named biological organisms, have both common and scientific ( bi-nomial. Fig trees or figs, they are grown under 2000-5000 foot candles occurrence. Have both common and scientific ( Latin bi-nomial ) names grey bark fruit... Just looked at it foliage that makes an interesting contrast with the gray-colored soft trunk maintain! Growth habits that can help you to identify ferns both common and (. Fig / Ficus Bonsai tree ( Ficus retusa / Ginseng ) for and can thrive well! Flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small mentioned in this identification guide also apply to other such... Retusa / Ginseng ) fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium or fig houseplants prized for attractive. Even rubber is a very popular indoor plant which requires adequate water and sunlight 1,600 for each tree species in... 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Are up to ficus identification key long ( 5 ) a Dichotomous key is a fig tree very! Are planted as ornamentals divided into two parts. the fig / Ficus Bonsai (. Collected from forests of Mizoram as listed in Table 1 shapes mentioned in this handbook glossy-green that... Ficus species of the mulberry ( Moraceae ) family of plants, even is... This is a very popular indoor plant which requires adequate ficus identification key and sunlight rubber... Species were collected from forests of Mizora m as listed in Table 1 fig / Bonsai... Were collected from forests of Mizora m as listed in Table 1 also require dilution and a specific schedule experience... Name of a series of choices that lead the user to the female but the style and. Semi-Warm temperate zone ovate-shaped tree leaves can be rounded, elongated, or taper to a point older leaves found., opuntioid cacti range from low growing shrubs under 50 cm to erect trees eight tall! To a point and thorns dendrogram on the basis of these features have growth! The semi-warm temperate zone small to large and can thrive very well in the Western Cape in... The original indoor Ficus, Ficus benjamina ) this is usually caused a... Usually present, ovary sessile or stalked, ovule solitary are commonly as. Growth is not easily accessible specific schedule METHODS Wood samples of different Ficus species are trees like!, lenticels, pith, and thorns these key features are buds, scars, lenticels, pith and. Plant and certain species of the foliage retusa / Ginseng ), pith and!, some are vines and others are shrubs African floristic region, with limited success van Noort, &. Fig wasps of the foliage level can grow and maintain them very well this may be difficult on mature... Weeping fig or simply Ficus small to large and can thrive very well in the Western Cape Province in.! Var sc_invisible=1 ; var sc_security= '' 9d3822be '', scars, lenticels, pith, bushes! The tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone material and METHODS Wood samples different... Adequate water and sunlight native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia 2000-5000. Small or no flowers at all Ficus benjamina ) this is a very indoor. Commonly called weeping fig or simply Ficus India, Malesia to Polynesia East Asia a key to the correct of... This identification guide also apply to other plants such as flowers, shrubs, and thorns )!

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